dual specificity phosphatase 22 OKDB#: 4144
 Symbols: DUSP22 Species: human
 Synonyms: VHX, JKAP, JSP1, MKPX, LMWDSP2, FLJ35864,  Locus: 6p25.3 in Homo sapiens


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R-L INTERACTIONS   MGI

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General Comment
General function Enzyme
Comment
Cellular localization
Comment
Ovarian function
Comment
Expression regulated by
Comment
Ovarian localization
Comment
Follicle stages
Comment
Phenotypes POF (premature ovarian failure)
Mutations

Species: human -
type: naturally occurring
fertility: subfertile
Comment: Array Comparative Genomic Hybridization Profiling Analysis Reveals Deoxyribonucleic Acid Copy Number Variations Associated with Premature Ovarian Failure. Aboura A et al. Introduction: Premature ovarian failure (POF) is defined by amenorrhea of at least 4- to 6-month duration, occurring before 40 yr of age, with two FSH levels in the postmenopausal range. Its etiology remains unknown in more than 80% of cases. Standard karyotypes, having a resolution of 5-10 Mb, have identified critical chromosomal regions, mainly located on the long arm of the X chromosome. Array comparative genomic hybridization (a-CGH) analysis is able to detect submicroscopic chromosomal rearrangements with a higher genomic resolution. We searched for copy number variations (CNVs), using a-CGH analysis with a resolution of approximately 0.7 Mb, in a cohort of patients with POF. Patients and Methods: We prospectively included 99 women. Our study included a conventional karyotype and DNA microarrays comprising 4500 bacterial artificial chromosome clones spread on the entire genome. Results: Thirty-one CNVs have been observed, three on the X chromosome and 28 on autosomal chromosomes. Data have been compared to control populations obtained from the Database of Genomic Variants (http://projects.tcag.ca/variation). Eight statistically significantly different CNVs have been identified in chromosomal regions 1p21.1, 5p14.3, 5q13.2, 6p25.3, 14q32.33, 16p11.2, 17q12, and Xq28. Conclusion: We report the first study of CNV analysis in a large cohort of Caucasian POF patients. In the eight statistically significant CNVs we report, we found five genes (including DUSP22) involved in reproduction, thus representing potential candidate genes in POF. The current study along with emerging information regarding CNVs, as well as data on their potential association with human diseases, emphasizes the importance of assessing CNVs in cohorts of POF women.However, we found five genes potentially involved in reproduction in the five remaining CNVs. Among these five genes, two are involved in reproductive diseases (DNAH5 and NAIP), two in reproductive endocrinology (DUSP22 and NUPR1), and one gene in folliculogenesis (AKT1).Table 3, both gain and loss of copy number

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created: 2009-10-21 10:22:12 by: Aaron J Hsueh, hsuehlab   email: aaron.hsueh@stanford.edu
home page: http://reprobio.stanford.edu/hsueh
last update: 2012-02-20 13:06:55 by: Aaron J Hsueh, hsuehlab   email: aaron.hsueh@stanford.edu



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